Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Soft, smooth, vibrant skin is something that is highly sought after. With the help of dermaplaning -- which consists of a sterile surgical blade removing the top layer of skin cells -- skin is left smooth and fresh. This service should only be performed by a licensed professional, such as an esthetician, nurse, or physician. Because a very sharp instrument is involved, it is essential that an experienced and highly trained professional performs this service.

Thoroughly cleanse the skin using a gentle pH balanced cleanser. Make sure that all makeup is removed. Avoid using harsh cleansers before the dermaplaning procedure. Skin should be in its most natural form and without any topical products such as serums or moisturizers. Pat the face dry with a soft towel. The face should be dry before proceeding.

Apply 10% povidone iodine to the entire face using a sterile cotton swab. The practitioner performing this procedure should be wearing surgical gloves throughout the entire process. Povidone iodine is a solution that is widely used to prevent skin infection. With it's brown-yellow color, the povidone iodine can also serve as a guide, so that after an area has been dermaplaned, the practitioner will know to move on to the next area of the skin. This will result in evenly exfoliated skin.

Gently hold the skin taut. Start with the lower portion of the face, such as the chin area. Use the sterile surgical blade to gently scrape the surface of the skin. Use short, steady strokes and work around the entire face. Concentrate on one area of the face at a time, while holding the skin in that specific area taut. Do not go over any one area twice.

Pat the face with a damp cloth to remove excess dead skin and iodine. Apply a light moisturizer using gentle strokes. It is ideal if the client does not wear makeup for at least 24 hours. This will allow their skin to rest. Because the outermost layer of the skin has been removed, it is important to avoid the sun for at least 48 hours, and wear a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF.