Machines Used in Spas for Facial Treatments

By Kristen Hampton

Facials are an excellent way to refresh and rejuvenate the skin. Spas have highly-trained estheticians on staff who specialize in skincare issues, and who are certified within their state of residence to give effective facials that are safe for the skin. From the preparation stage to the final examination of the complexion, a variety of machines are used in a spa facial.

Machines are used to perfect the skin during a classic facial.


Some spas use a steamer before a facial to open up pores and prepare the skin for exfoliation, cleansing, and massage. The face is usually placed over a a stationary machine with a hose-like attachment, which emits a steady stream of steam.

All-in-One Facial Machine

A lot of spas use an all-in-one facial machine that performs a variety of functions. Facial machines usually include facial vacuum tubes, spray nozzles, face brushes (for exfoliation), magnifying mirrors, and a Wood's lamp. Skin is first assessed with a Wood's lamp, which uses violet (not harmful ultra-violet) light to identify problem areas in the skin. Conditions not visible to the naked eye, such as dehydration, sun damage, and dead skin-cell buildup are detected via a Wood's lamp. The vacuum, brushes, and spray implements are used during the cleansing period of the facial. Magnifying mirrors are often used throughout the facial and during the extraction process. The extraction process draws bacteria out of clogged pores, resulting in clearer skin.

High-Frequency Toners

High-frequency skincare machines deliver a mild, invigorating electrical current to the skin through glass electrodes (which resemble glass batons) that are smoothed over the face. The electrodes emit varying intensities of light and are often accompanied by a tingling sensation that can be adjusted to suit the client's preferences and skin-care needs. High-frequency machines are believed to boost collagen and elastin production, improve blood circulation, banish toxins (such as free radicals), eliminate acne-causing bacteria, and to exfoliate. They also assist with lymphatic drainage, which reduces the look of puffiness in the face, especially in the eye area.