Mongols became a significant tribe in the 13th century under the leadership of the legendary Kublai Khan. In more recent times, Mongolia, geographically close to Russia and northern China, has established diplomatic relations with the United States. The Mongols live in various types of dwellings ranging from grass huts to wooden shelters, always attempting to protect themselves from the harsh north winds. The Mongol hat fits snugly around the crown of the head and is usually fur-trimmed to offer warmth and protection from winter weather.
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Measure the distance from the top of the crown of your head to your eyebrows, using the tape measure. Record the measurement on a scrap piece of paper.
Measure the circumference of your head, just above your eyebrows, using the tape measure. Record this measurement.
Draw a triangle on tissue paper with a pencil and ruler. Make the base of the triangle four inches wide. Make the height of the triangle the measurement taken in Step 1. Redraw the sides of the triangle so they curve outward slightly.
Determine the number of sections you will need for the crown of the hat by dividing the circumference measurement taken in Step 2 by the number 3, which represents the finished width of each section. For example, if the measurement of the circumference is 18 inches, divided by three it equals six sections.
Cut out the tissue paper triangles with the curved sides. Place this pattern piece on the leather fabric and trace around it. Cut out the fabric section. Repeat this process until you have the total number of sections required as calculated in Step 4.
Lay two sections together, one on top of the other with the right sides facing each other. Sew with a straight stitch on a sewing machine, leaving a 1/2-inch seam allowance. Place another section on top of one of the two pieces sewn together, and sew another seam in the same manner.
Continue sewing section pieces together until the open side of the first piece is joined to the open side of the last piece joined, forming a round crown that fits the top of your head.
Cut a strip of fur fabric that is five inches deep by the measurement taken for the circumference of your head in Step 2. Add one inch to the circumference measurement to allow for a seam. For example, if the circumference measurement was 18 inches, the size of the fur strip will be 5 inches by 19 inches.
Angle the sides of the fur strip by drawing a line with the ruler that is 1/2 inch from one of the corners of the fur strip. Draw an angled line from this mark to the closest corner. Cut along this line. Repeat on the other end of the fur strip.
Lay the fur strip on the leather fabric and cut a leather section exactly the same size as the fur strip. Place the fur strip on the leather strip with right sides facing each other, wrong side facing you. Stitch along the smaller long edge, having a 1/2-inch seam allowance. Align the two angled edges and sew a 1/2-inch seam. Turn this circular piece of fur so the right side is facing out.
Turn the crown so the wrong side is facing you. Lay the circle of fur around the circumference of the crown of the hat aligning the long cut edge of the fur with the bottom edge of the crown with the wrong sides facing each other.
Turn the crown so the right side is facing you. Fold the fur strip up, forming a cuff around the edge of the hat.