What Does a Facial Do to the Skin?

By Hillary Cirillo

A facial is a service that can be performed at home, in a spa setting by an esthetician, or in a dermatologist's office with a clinician. Most spas and clinics offer a variety of facials, depending on the skin type of the client.


Facials help remove the dead, dry skin cells from the surface of the skin. This process is called exfoliation and makes the skin feel smooth, soft and supple.


All skin types need proper hydration to remain a healthy level of function. Facials infuse dry skin with moisture and help reduce the oil produced by oily skin types.

Anti-aging Facials

Spas and clinics offer facial treatments, such as glycolic peels, that combat the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, age spots and other signs of aging skin. A licensed and trained professional advises clients about anti-aging facials available for their skin type.

Acne Facials

In addition to being unsightly, acne can also cause pain on the surface of the skin. Facials designed to reduce the appearance of acne help reduce inflammation. They also include "extractions," in which the esthetician or clinician removes the blackheads and whiteheads from the skin.