There are as many foundation application techniques as there are makeup artists and result with a lot of information for consumers to wade through. The complexities of applying foundation vary based by skin type, foundation and the desired look. Sponges are commonly used and there are varying ideologies on using them wet or dry.
Advantages of Sponges
Sponges, whether they are used wet or dry, can make a difference in makeup application. When used correctly, sponges spread foundation evenly and are useful for correcting mistakes. Fingers transfer oil to the face, which can cause breakouts, but clean sponges can keep skin clear. The corners of wedge sponges allow makeup to get into tight spots, including the corner of the eye and sides of the nose. Many sponges hitting the market are ergonomic, designed to perfectly fit the contours of the face. Sponges can also be used to apply cream blush and concealer.
Wetting the sponge serves several purposes. The moisture dilutes the foundation slightly, making it easier to apply and creates a sheer finish. A damp sponge also helps people with dry, flaky skin apply a smoother layer of foundation and makes it easy to even out creases and streaks once the makeup is applied. Dampening the sponge can also prevent it from soaking up excess foundation.
Using a dry sponge allows for fuller coverage because the foundation is not diluted. People with blemishes or shininess may prefer to use a dry sponge for a flawless finish. A dry sponge can also be used to apply cream blush or concealer without disrupting the foundation underneath, as a wet sponge might. When the foundation from a wet sponge sets, it can reveal streaks and creases that weren't visible before. Dry sponges show the finished result immediately.
To apply foundation with a wet sponge, dampen it with water and wring it out the excess completely. Too much water will run and ruin the finish of the makeup. Dab some foundation onto the sponge and stipple it onto the skin. This stippling, or dabbing, technique provides even coverage without streaks. Once the face is covered, use a dry sponge or tissue to blot the face and remove excess foundation.
To apply foundation with a dry sponge, dab foundation onto the sponge. Roll the sponge from side to side on the face rather than dragging it, which can cause streaks and uneven application. Finish by blotting with a tissue to remove excess foundation and smooth the finish. A dry sponge can also be used to cover blemishes, even if a wet sponge is used to apply foundation. Dip the dry sponge in a bit of foundation and stipple it directly onto the spot. Blend the foundation gently with the sponge. This will give fuller spot coverage on an otherwise sheer face.