However careful you might be in your skin-care routine, there are times when you are going to end up with a "bad skin day." Waking up to a dark spot, or even several of them, is not the best way to start a day. But, thankfully, dark spots can be easily handled, with the right kind of skin-care tips and treatments.

What Causes Dark Spots?

Our skin has natural coloring agents that are known as melanin. When there is an increase of melanin in specific areas of the skin, it can lead to local hyperpigmentation, also known as dark spots. Most dark spots usually occur on the neck and face, which is the region that is directly exposed to the sun.

Age-related dark spots are also quite common. This happens because the production of melanin in the skin becomes irregular, leading to dark patches on the skin.

Prevention Is Better Than Cure

While it is true that a strict skin-care routine may not keep dark spots away from your face, it will definitely reduce their occurrence. Try to incorporate loads of fruits and vegetables into your diet. They are great at detoxifying the skin and keeping it supple and well-hydrated. Choose food items that are rich in vitamin E such as almonds, pineapple, broccoli and spinach. Moisturize your body from the inside by drinking eight to 10 glasses of water every day.

Exfoliation and cleansing should be an important part of your skin-care routine. Exfoliation removes the dead cells from the skin, helping you to get rid of the dark spots quickly. Whenever you step out, even if it is for a short period of time, apply sunscreen.

Some Home Tips for Dark Spots

If you do spot uninvited residents on your face you could try the following tips to get rid of them.

If you have citrus fruits in your house, such as lime, grapefruit, and especially fresh lemons, apply their juice to your skin. These fruits contain citric acid, which works as a natural bleaching agent.

Honey also works well on treating dark spots. Make a paste of sour cream and honey. If you do not have sour cream, milk will do. This paste is to be applied to your face every day. The honey works to moisturize the skin, while the sour cream or milk lightens your complexion. Other at-home remedies for dark spots include aloe vera facial massages and thin slices of potatoes placed on your face for 15-20 minutes.

In More Serious Situations

If you find your dark spots to be extremely stubborn and not responding to home remedies, you should consider looking at some professional help, such as laser therapy, chemical peels or microdermabrasion. All of these procedures are done under strict medical supervision.

Laser therapy is a painless, non-invasive therapy that destroys dead skin cells to lighten the spots on your face. A chemical peel removes the topmost layer of your skin to reveal the new skin underneath. Microdermabrasion is a procedure where your skin is massaged with microscopic abrasive crystals. This evens your skin tone and makes it softer, too.