The medical term for a blackhead is an open comedo, falling under the classification of acne vulgaris. It is often a yellow or black plug in an enlarged pore. The blackhead consists of sebum and keratin, which only darkens as it oxidizes. Blackheads are a common skin problem in all age groups, but adolescents and young adults are particularly prone to them. There are several ways to remove blackheads from the face.
Wash the affected areas. Use a mild cleanser to wash the spots that will be waxed. This gets rid of dirt and grime, which prevents wax from sticking.
Steam the face. Fill a sink full of hot water, and hold the head about 6 inches directly over the water. This opens the pores and makes the blackheads come out easier. To further the effect, drape a towel or washcloth over the head and sink of water to tent the steam and permeate the pores further.
Heat the wax. Read the instructions on the wax to determine how to heat it. Most waxes are microwaveable, but some require heating over a heat source such as a candle, or in a heating device. For ease of use, read the labels before purchasing the wax and buy one that is microwaveable.
Apply warmed wax to affected areas. Most of the time, the wax comes with the applicator. If not, simply use a clean Popsicle stick. These are available for purchase in the craft section of the store. Do small sections at a time, spreading the wax in one application.
Press on the paper strip. Rub the strip, putting pressure over the waxed areas. Rub in the same direction of the wax application. It takes about a minute for the wax to cool.
Pull the strip off. Take a deep breath, and grab one end of the paper strip. Quickly pull the strip straight up, hard and fast.
Apply a soothing lotion. Of course, make sure that the lotion used won't clog pores. Lotions such as Cetaphil are dermatologist-recommended and moisturize without causing breakouts.
Choose microwaveable wax to make heating the wax fast and easy.