Chemical relaxer burns can vary in their degree of severity, leaving you with scars, bald patches and infections if they aren't treated properly. Treating a chemical burn depends largely on the severity of the burn.
Step 1: Identify The Type of Burn
First degree burns have redness and inflammation, while second degree burns have blisters and third degree burns cover the entire outer layer of skin. If you have blisters or third degree burns, it's important to seek medical attention immediately.
Step 2: Decide Which Treatment Method To Use
First degree burns can be treated with over-the-counter, at-home remedies. Second and third degree burns need to be treated by a medical professional to reduce the chance of scarring and infection through antibiotics and antibacterial salves.
Step 3: Apply Treatment
If you have first degree burns, applying aloe vera or over-the-counter antibacterial ointment will soothe the burns and help them heal. Avoid chemical shampoos, conditioners, hairspray and other hair products while your burns heal. Using these products can inflame your burns.
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Step 4: Refrain From Scratching
While your burns are healing, it is likely that your scalp will form scabs and itch. Refrain from scratching as it can lead to infection or reopen the wound.