Henna Allergies

By Julie Bane

Henna is most commonly used for hair dyes and temporary tattoos. Some people experience allergic reactions when henna comes in contact with their skin. For these people, prolonged or repeated exposure can pose serious risks. Knowing what to look for and how to treat henna allergies can diminish life-threatening reactions.

Henna session
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Some people experience allergies to henna.

Symptoms

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Sneezing may be a symptom of a henna allergy.

Symptoms of a henna allergy are similar to those of other allergies. They can include sneezing, swelling and hives, and difficulty breathing due to a restricted airway.

Causes

Henna application
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The additives used in making henna paste can cause the allergy.

Henna itself seldom causes an allergic reaction. However, additives are used in making the henna paste to boost color or speed up the coloring process. P-pheynlenediamine (PPD) makes the naturally reddish brown henna more black. Although it's safe for hair coloring, it can irritate the skin, leading to an allergic reaction.

Treatment

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Antihistamines can alleviate allergies.

If a henna allergy is suspected, you may try the following applications: calamine lotion, cold compress, hydrocortisone creams or antihistamines. An oatmeal bath will also alleviate itching.

Prevention

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Discontinue the use of henna tattoos if you have an allergy.

People who experience a reaction to the PPD additive in henna tattoos are susceptible to having more serious reactions with increased exposure. Therefore, if you have encountered an allergic reaction, you are advised to avoid further henna tattoos or having henna come in contact with the skin.

Warning

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In case of serious allergic reaction see a doctor.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn't endorse henna for direct skin contact. Therefore, caution should be used when receiving a henna tattoo.