The most luxurious clothes are often made of silk. Cotton is the fabric behind most everyday clothes, including denim jeans and T-shirts. Linen is the go-to choice for a a high quality look on a hot summer day — without worry of overheating. Along with these three natural fabrics, a few man-made fabrics are also commonly found in fashion design.
Cotton is the choice for most clothing — and with good reason. This natural fiber has been cultivated for over 7,000 years, appearing in various woven forms as denim, khaki, gabardine and sateen. As one of the few breathable fabrics, cotton is ideal for hot summer days because the fibers wick perspiration from the body. In winter, cotton helps retain body heat to keep the wearer warm. Durable, strong and easy to clean, it’s no wonder cotton is the leading American cash crop.
Linen, another natural fabric with ancient roots, is the oldest fabric known to man. Cultivated from the flax — or linseed — plant, linen has been found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians. Linen is a refreshing choice for hot weather; the fabric’s stiff structure prevents it from sticking to the skin and it allows continuous airflow to the body. Like cotton, linen wicks sweat from the body, absorbing up to 20 percent of its weight in water before ever feeling damp.
Considered one of the most luxurious fabrics, silk is a natural fiber harvested from the cocoon of the Chinese silkworm. Like cotton and linen, silk was developed centuries ago, with the first sample found in China in 3000 B.C. This soft and supple fabric is surprisingly strong and cooling on hot days. Its tightly woven fibers absorb moisture in warm weather while its low conductivity retains heat during cold weather.
In addition to the natural fabrics of cotton, silk and linen, clothes are often made with wool, derived from sheep and other animals. Nylon is an additional fabric choice, and was invented in the 1930s to substitute for silk. Other manufactured fabrics include rayon and spandex. Rayon can be used to replicate the texture of silk, linen and wool. Spandex is favored for its ability to stretch while retaining its natural shape.
References and ResourcesThe Gloss: Fashion 101: A Guide to the Eight Common Fabrics You Wear Every Day
Stylelist: What Are You Wearing? A Look into the Materials in Your Clothes
Fibre2Fashion: The 3 Most Commonly Used Fabrics In Designer Clothing
Sewing and Craft Alliance: Cotton … The Most Popular Fabric in the World
Fodors.com: The Case for Linen
Silk Road: History of Silk