By Meghan Jones

Fennel, also known as sweet anise, has a mild, sweet flavor that is similar to licorice. Popular in Italian and French cooking, fennel is used both as a spice and as a vegetable. There are several substitutes for this plant.



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Fennel bulbs

The fennel bulb and seeds are both used in cooking. The bulb and stalks are often used as a vegetable while the seeds are used as an herb. In Italian cooking, it is a popular herb added to meat balls and sauces but it also goes well with fish and seafood.

Herb Substitutes

Fennel Seed Background
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Anise seed

Anise seed can be used as a substitute for fennel as it also has a licorice flavor. Anise seed has a stronger flavor than fennel so less is needed if using this substitution. Cumin, caraway seeds and dill are also used as substitutes for fennel.

Vegetable Substitutes

Fresh, organic Chinese bok choy
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Bok choy in wicker basket

If you are using fennel as a vegetable in a dish, there are several substitutions. You can use bok choy stems or celery stalks, although celery cooks faster. If you want to duplicate only the taste of the fennel vegetable and not the volume in the dish, you can also use a teaspoon of fennel seed for each pound of fennel bulb called for in the dish.