Corns occur when the skin on your toes becomes thick because of friction or pressure. The U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health report that most corns form on the side or on top of toes as a result of shoes that don’t fit.

The FDA defines bunions as misaligned toe joints; your big toe points toward your smaller toes, causing a bump to form on the inner edge of your foot.

Choose Your Shoes With Care

Bunions don’t just look bad—they can be painful. If a bunion is in the early stages of forming, wear wide shoes that don’t squeeze your toes. This may keep a bunion from getting worse and preclude the need for further bunion treatment.

Wearing shoes that fit properly can also help prevent or remove corns. When your shoes fit, less friction is applied to your toes, and your corn will clear up within weeks.

For bunion treatment and to remove corns, look for shoes that have padding or support on areas where friction is likely to occur. You might also consider special inserts that provide cushioning for affected areas.

Pamper Your Feet

A little bit of pampering can give you attractive, smooth feet that are free from corns. Treating your feet well might not necessarily be an effective bunion treatment, but the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health recommend treating your feet well as a way of preventing future problems.

For problem feet, a pumice stone is your best friend. Remove corns by soaking your toes in warm water, then using the pumice stone to wear away the hardened excess skin. Stubborn corns can be treated with special corn plasters, which soften the skin so that you can use a pumice to more easily rub the corn away.

Consider Surgery

Surgery is an option for bunion treatment. Because bunions result from the misalignment of the toe joint, the surgery to correct the problem involves cutting away the bone. According to the Encyclopedia of Family Health, wearing shoes is typically painful for up to three months after bunion surgery, and full benefits of bunion surgery aren’t apparent until around month six.