Reflexology is an alternative medical practice that combines the application of pressure and massage on the feet to treat ailment on other parts of the body. It's commonly used to treat sciatica, the inflammation or irritation of the sciatic nerve, which runs from the buttocks down to the back of the thigh.
Enlist the help of a friend or a licensed reflexologist to treat your sciatica. You will need another person to help you stretch and immobilize your leg, as well as locate the proper pressure point on the bottom of your foot.
Find the nerve reflex point for the sciatic nerve, which is located on the piriform muscle, just forward of the heel bone toward your toes. The piriform muscle stretches laterally across the width of your foot.
Lie down flat on your back, preferably on a sturdy massage or examination table. You should be high enough off the ground so that your partner can stand comfortably in front of you and raise your leg at the same time.
Position your partner at the side of the table with his/her back turned to you. Your partner should be on the same side as the irritated sciatic nerve. Have your partner use his/her inside arm to slowly lift your leg straight into the air, leaving a slight bend in your knee.
Raise your leg until the pain in your sciatic nerve appears, and then return your leg to the table. Repeat this movement 10 to 15 times, raising your leg higher each time until the nerve is stretched out. You should feel the pain of your sciatica move slowly up your leg, toward your buttocks.
Have your partner use his outside arm to find the piriform muscle near your heel, and apply gentle pressure using the fingers and palm. You may want to use online resources, such as Ofesite.com, to find a reflexology chart to help you identify the precise location of the piriform muscle (see Resources below).
Repeat this exercise as needed to treat your sciatica. By stretching out the sciatic nerve and applying pressure to the piriform muscle, many people experience instant relief from pain.