Age spots are caused by prolonged sun exposure. They are termed age spots because they are more common on older individuals, due to repeated years of sun damage. Age spots, freckles and sun spots are all the same. In order to get rid of them, you must protect your skin from the sun. If you don't, you age spots will simply return whenever you go into the sun unprotected. While age spots are more common on fair-skinned individuals, they can occur on people of all skin types.
Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen to your face daily. This means that the sunscreen protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Choose a sunscreen with a high-SPF level and reapply every few hours.
Wear a broad-rimmed hat. While sunscreen is essential, additional means of protection are necessary if you'll be in the sun for long periods of time. A wide-rimmed hat will further protect your face from the sun's damaging rays. Wear UV-resistant sunglasses to protect the delicate skin around your eyes from the sun.
Use an exfoliating facial scrub on your face weekly. Exfoliation encourages skin cell regeneration, meaning new skin cells are more quickly created to replace your older, sun-damaged skin cells. You'll also notice your skin feels smoother and younger with regular exfoliation.
Try whitening cream on your face. Various cosmetic lines make lightening, brightening or bleaching facial creams and lotions. These topical treatments help to lighten age spots. They will promote more even skin tones. You can find such creams in most drug and cosmetic stores.
Talk to your dermatologist about stronger bleaching creams. You can obtain a prescription for bleaching creams that contain higher concentrations of lightening agents. Your facial skin may be sensitive after using such creams. It's wise to test the cream on a small area of your skin before applying it to your entire face.
Get microdermabrasion treatments. During treatments, a licensed practitioner will use a small buffing device on your facial skin. Your top layers of skin will be removed, revealing smooth skin below. As a result, your age spots will become lighter and less noticeable.
Consider laser therapy. Laser light will target the pigment in your age spots, effectively breaking them up. The pigment is absorbed by your body's immune system, making the age spots significantly lighter. After a series of treatments, your age spots can be wholly removed by laser therapy.
The sun's rays can damage your skin and cause age spots, even on cloudy days.