How to Make Sugar Glue From Egg Whites

By Mallory Ferland

Edible glue makes sugar sculpture, cake decorating and gingerbread houses possible. Egg whites are a natural glue: by themselves they can coat breads and muffins to allow toppings to stick, coat granola to cause clumping, and help pie crusts and puff pastry stick together. Sugar glue made from egg whites is a thick soft "paste" that is best applied with small spatulas or knives, rather than paint brushes. It performs the task of a glue but also tastes good.

gingerbread house and candy for the holiday merry christmas
credit: DoroO/iStock/Getty Images
Egg white glue won't make the cookies in the gingerbread house soggy.

Step 1

Separate pasteurized eggs and place the whites in the bowl of a stand mixer or in a large bowl to hand beat. Keep the egg yolks in the refrigerator for other recipes.

Step 2

Beat the whites in the stand mixer on low or by hand with a whisk, until they are frothy and bubbly, about 1 to 2 minutes.

Step 3

Add 1/2 teaspoon of cream of tartar for each egg you used and increase machine or arm speed. Beat until the whites begin to peak, about 2 more minutes in the mixer, or 3 to 4 more minutes with your arm. Do not beat until the peaks are stiff. They should be shiny, soft and gooey.

Step 4

Add 1 cup of confectioner's sugar for each egg you used, adding it 1/2 cup at a time. Add the sugar while the machine is on low or while you continue to beat by hand. Once all sugar is incorporated, beat until the icing forms stiff peaks. To test if it is finished, remove the bowl from the mixer and hold it upside down over a sink. If the mixture stays where it is, it is ready.