Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus. Although rarely serious, hemorrhiods can be extremely uncomfortable. Several home remedies can help to ease the discomforts associated with hemorrhoids, but it is important to consult a physician if you experience any form of rectal bleeding. Rectal bleeding may be a sign of something much more serious than hemorrhoids, such as infection, inflammatory bowel disease or cancer. After consulting your health care provider, consider using any of these home remedies to stop your bleeding hemorrhoids.
Liquid extracts of the witch hazel plant can temporarily shrink hemorrhoids and relieve problematic symptoms, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Many hemorrhoid pads, including the popular Tucks treatments, contain witch hazel.
Mayo Clinic emphasizes the importance of cleanliness for healing hemorrhoids. Soak regularly in a warm bath and wipe thoroughly using moistened toilet paper or Tucks pads. According to Mayo Clinic, soap is unnecessary for washing the anal area and may irritate external hemorrhoids. Dry using a soft cloth to prevent moisture from building up in the area.
Fiber supplements such as Benefiber (inulin) or Metamucil (psyllium) can soften the stool and facilitate easier bowel movements. This can prevent excessive straining during bowel movements, which may cause or worsen bleeding hemorrhoids. The University of Maryland Medical Center recommends a daily fiber intake of 25 to 30 grams for adults suffering from bleeding hemorrhoids. Natural dietary sources of fiber include whole grains, fruits, vegetables and beans.
This form of hydrotherapy can help to soothe irritated hemorrhoid tissue. A sitz bath tray fits over a conventional toilet and contains a shallow pool of water. Consider diluting essential oil into the sitz bath water or adding a small amount of witch hazel. The UMMC recommends sitz baths for 10 to 15 minutes at a time 1 to 2 times daily.
Benzocaine ointments can numb the area affected by hemorrhoids, and over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream can relieve pain and inflammation. Suppositories containing vasocontstrictors, such as Preparation H, may prevent bleeding by protecting inflamed tissue and shrinking the inflamed blood vessels. These treatments are readily available at any pharmacy.
Juniper Russo, an eclectic autodidact, has been writing professionally since 2008. Her work has appeared in several online and print-based publications, including Animal Wellness. Russo regularly publishes health-related content and advocates an evidence-based, naturopathic approach to health care.