Cooking a whole pig in a pig pit creates enough moist meat and crispy skin to feed a large crowd. Whole pigs are too large to cook in an oven or traditional grill, but constructing your own pig pit requires little work and inexpensive materials as long as you have the space in your yard. In fact, purchasing and preparing the pig requires more work than constructing a pig pit.
Things You'll Need
Measure a space slightly larger than the pig on a barren patch of ground. Cover the measured space with aluminum foil and surround the space with two layers of cinder blocks.
Place 5 pounds of charcoal on both sides of the pit below the areas where the shoulders of the pig will rest. Avoid placing charcoal beneath the area where the ribs will cook. Light the charcoal.
Rest the metal grate on the cinder blocks. Secure the grate by placing another layer of cinder blocks around the perimeter of the pit. Ensure that the height of the cinder blocks is higher than the height of the pig.
Add the prepared pig when the coals are ready. Cover the pig with the sheet of tin and secure the tin with a few cinder blocks or bricks.
Rake the coals if necessary. Pull some cinder blocks aside when you need to add more coals, which is usually every 90 minutes or two hours.