Flaky scalp is caused by dead skin cells shedding from your scalp. Your scalp sheds these skin cells everyday. When your scalp is dry or you have a skin condition, it may flake and shed more skin than usual. This dead skin sometimes gets trapped by oils on the scalp or in your hair. Other conditions, such as fungal infections on your scalp, can contribute to dandruff problems. Although there is no way to cure dandruff and flakes, there are ways to control it.
Brush your hair daily. Brushing your hair at least twice a day helps remove dead skin and stimulates blood circulation in your scalp. Use a soft-bristled brush to help loosen and remove the dead skin from your scalp and hair.
Eat a diet rich in zinc and vitamin B. According to “Medical News Today,” people with zinc and vitamin B deficiencies are more likely to have dandruff. Eat foods like potatoes, peanuts, fish and lean meats every day to get your daily requirements of these vitamins and minerals.
Wash your hair with sulfur-based or tar-based shampoos. These shampoos help prevent fungal infections that cause dandruff, help reduce skin inflammation and slow down the shedding of skin cells. Lather your hair thoroughly with the shampoo and leave it on your scalp for at least five minutes before rinsing.
Wash your hair with these special shampoos every day until the flakes disappear. Once the flakes are gone, use these shampoos once every other week to maintain a healthy scalp.
Avoid using hair products like hair spray, gel and mousse. These products sometimes irritate the scalp and add to the oil accumulation in the hair, which may trap dead skin cells.
Make an appointment with your dermatologist. If you have tried everything to control your flaky scalp with no results, your doctor may be able to better diagnose the problem and recommend a more specific and effective treatment for your condition.
References and ResourcesFox News; Scratching Dandruff; Karlie Pouliot; December 2007
Medical News Today: What Causes Dandruff?