Lace fans are often produced as folding hand fans used by ladies to fan themselves to keep cool. The hand fan is thought to have originated in Egypt over 4,000 years ago, according to Purdue University. Folding hand fans were developed independently around the same time in Japan and China, before being transported to Europe through trade routes from Asia in the 1500s. Lace and other elaborate materials and designs began to be used for hand fans to prove the status and style of the person holding the fan.
Lay out the lace, beads, sticks and wire of the lace hand fan on a flat surface. Use wood glue to attach beads to the base of each stick to act as spacers between each stick.
Attach the sticks of the fan together using a brass or silver wire pushed through the holes in the base of the sticks. Tighten the wire around the base of the stick to form a ring that holds the sticks of the fan firmly in place.
Tighten the wire ring inserted into the base of the sticks to hold the fan tightly together. When a lace fan is not securely held in place, the sticks will slide around and won't remain in place when used.
Using the brush, paint wood glue onto the sticks and allow the glue to dry before applying the lace. Once the glue has dried, press the lace onto the sticks before the glue dries using a warm iron.
Wait for the glue warmed by the iron to cool before attempting to fold. Natural folds should occur when the lace fan is folded.