There are several reasons a person's face may break out. Your face may be sensitive to certain types of soaps, lotions and creams. Viral and bacterial infections may cause a rash to develop. Many adults as well as children can develop rashes due to conditions such as measles or chickenpox. Coming in contact with poison ivy, oak or sumac and then touching the face can cause a rash to develop. Some people may be allergic to pets or certain types of food that may cause them to develop a rash. It is important to identify a face rash in order to seek proper diagnosis and treatment.
Examine the skin for bumps, pimples, blisters or any other indication of rash. Take note of how and when the rash appeared. Did it come on suddenly or slowly? Is it limited to just the facial area or has the rash spread to other areas of the body as well?
Observe whether the rash is dry or consists of fluid-filled pustules. Are the lesions flaky or crusty? Are they small red dots or large blotchy spots? Is the affected skin red or inflamed? Is the affected skin tender or swollen? Does the rash itch?
Notice whether any other symptoms such as fever or sore throat are present. Such symptoms indicate the presence of a viral or bacterial infection, which may cause the rash.
Take note of whether any other family members also have the rash. If so, it is very possible that you came in contact with a contagious condition. Notice whether any children are sick or have developed a rash. A rash that consists of small red dots could be measles, while a rash that consists of fluid-filled blisters that develop a crust could be chicken pox.
Notice whether you made any change in your routine when you first developed the rash. Have you eaten something you normally don't eat, gone somewhere different or used a new lotion or soap? Some people develop hives (a rash that often has a flushed and blotchy appearance) after eating certain foods or using certain products. Hives usually requires no special treatment and goes away on its own.