People who suffer from ulcers, heartburn and gas may be asked to follow a bland diet. The bland diet consists of soft, low-fiber foods, according to Medline Plus. Spicy, fried and raw foods should be avoided, as well as acidic foods. It is also recommended people not drink alcohol or consume caffeine when following the bland diet.
Breads and Starches
Food made with white flour are better tolerated than those made with whole grains or whole wheat, according to the University of North Carolina. Bland breads and starches are also not acidic. Food choices include white bread, cream of wheat, cooked rice, mashed potatoes, cooked pasta or noodles and saltine crackers.
Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits can be a source of acidity in the diet. Bland fruits with no acidity include apple sauce, canned fruits without the skin, grape juice, apple juice, pear juice and bananas. Vegetables need to be cooked to soften the fibers and ease digestion. Bland vegetables with no acidity include carrots, green beans, summer squash and winter squash.
People following a bland diet may not be able to tolerate high-fat dairy foods, according to the University of North Carolina. Bland dairy foods with no acidity include cottage cheese, custard, vanilla ice cream, mild cheeses, low-fat milk and yogurt without seeds or nuts.
Meats should be soft and tender. People on a bland diet should avoid fried meats, according to Medline Plus. Bland meats and other protein sources with no acidity include creamy peanut butter, eggs and soft-cooked poultry, fish, beef and pork.
Beverages can be a source of acidity, such as orange juice. The University of North Carolina recommends water, weak tea and caffeine-free drinks when following a bland diet.
Medline Plus says soups are well tolerated. Soups should be broth based and made without tomatoes or spicy ingredients.
References and ResourcesMedline Plus: Bland Diet
University of North Carolina: Bland Diet