Cosmetology is the study of beauty and its treatment. Cosmetologists are experts not just in maintenance of appearance, but in enhancement of appearance through styling and make-up application. Most cosmetology schools teach hair styling and cutting; however, there are many other elements of cosmetology. There are three main components that most cosmetology schools introduce to all their students regardless of what those students choose to specialize in.

Hair Styling

Cosmetologists are trained to cut hair beyond basic barbering. They learn to consider the texture and thickness of hair. They often know what style would best suit a person and how to style it accordingly. In addition, cosmetologists take into consideration the shape of the client’s face and the most flattering hair style for that individual. Cosmetologists are also trained in hair care and maintenance and advise clients on how to look their best.

Skin Care

Although cosmetologists are not dermatologists, they do receive training in skin care. They can give facials and advise the client on how to best take care of her skin. Depending on the salon, this advice may involve natural solutions to skin problems or the recommendation of specific products. Cosmetologists are trained to know different kinds of skin and the needs associated with skin types.

Make-up Artist

Cosmetologists can be trained in make-up application to advise the client on what kind of make-up and colors specifically work for her. Cosmetologists are trained to work with every clients potential, using make-up to accentuate her natural features.


Cosmetologists must pass a board exam in order to become licensed to practice. The requirements of the board include demonstrating proficient knowledge in the basics of cosmetology, like hair styling, skin care and make-up application; however, cosmetologists must also demonstrate their knowledge of safety and health issues surrounding the practice.